Q. What is the difference between a urologist and a nephrologist?


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Both , Urologists and nephrologists treat and address diseases and issues related to the kidney. Urologists are  basically surgeons that have specialized in treating structural abnormalities and diseases of the urinary tract. These include urinary tract stones, strictures and blockages including kidney cancer. Urologists have a number of gadgets at their disposal for performing various procedures such as Cystoscopy, Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) which is a non-invasive treatment of kidney stones and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCN).


Nephrologists or Renal physicians are basically medical specialists that diagnose and treat kidney diseases and the various comorbidities that affect its functioning such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists aren’t surgeons. Their field includes treating acute and chronic kidney injury , hypertension and electrolyte imbalance, diabetes, autoimmune diseases that specifically affect the kidney and renal replacement therapy. A nephrologist may work with the acute medical team or further specialize into one of the branches described above.
Wishing you best of health


Dr. Sareer Khalil