BREAST FEEDING MOTHERS

BREAST FEEDING MOTHERS

Abstract

Background :  Breast feeding is the safest, least allergic and best infant feeding method. It has nutritional, immunological, behavioral and economic benefits and also provide desirable mother infant bonding. Breastfeeding is known to be central in an infant’s nutrition and growth worldwide. Our objective was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast feeding mothers coming to women and children hospital having babies less than two years.

Objectives:  To know about knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers about breast feeding.  To know about practice of prelacteal feed and duration of breast feeding and exclusive breast feeding.

Methodology: Hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in the women and children hospital bannu. 100 mothers having babies less than two years were included in the study. A detailed questionnaire was prepared and data was collected by detailed interview with breast feeding mothers who visited women and children hospital Bannu.

Study design: cross sectional study

Sampling method: simple random sampling. Data was collected from mothers who were admitted in wards and those who visited OPD.

Sample size: sample size is 100.

Results:

90% of the mothers practiced breastfeeding of which 60% were using another feed along with breastfeeding. 56% of the mothers knew about exclusive breast feeding and 80% of mothers has knowledge about advantages of breastfeeding while 81% also knew disadvantages of bottle feeding. 79% of mothers knew about Islamic principles regarding breastfeeding.

Conclusion:

Despite the knowledge of most of the breast feeding mothers, they failed to practice exclusive and complete breast feeding for 2 years.

Primary health facilities failed to encourage healthy practices regarding breastfeeding.

Mothers failed to breastfeed their babies just after birth and they used other fluids as prelacteal feed most of the time it was green tea.

 

Key words: KAP study, prelacteal feed, exclusive breast feeding,