ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS INTERPRETATION

ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS INTERPRETATION

ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS INTERPRETATION made easy. An easy method for ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS INTERPRETATION is described with the help of a test case. We require three values in this regard.   pH PCO2 HCO3 Firstly, let us determine what the normal values are for these....
CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY

CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY

Chest pain with widespread ST elevation in a CKD patient, think of uremic pericarditis. Treatment is hemodialysis. In TTP (Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura) and HUS (Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome), fever, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, all three are present in...
Renal tubular acidosis

Renal tubular acidosis

Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a buildup of acid in the body resulting in a metabolic acidosis with a normal anion gap due to improper and dysfunctional acidification of the urine in the kidney tubules. RTA and diarrhea are two of the most important conditions...
clarithromycin cyclosporine interaction

clarithromycin cyclosporine interaction

The use of clarithromycin in kidney transplant patients is avoided as its relatively contraindicated in view of its interaction with cyclosporine.Cytochrome P450 3A4 also known as CYP3A4 is an enzyme that metabolizes various drugs and foreign entities including toxins...
HYPERKALEMIA TREATMENT GUIDELINES

HYPERKALEMIA TREATMENT GUIDELINES

This article attempts to simplify HYPERKALEMIA TREATMENT GUIDELINES. Hyperkalemia is basically a serum potassium level of greater than 5.5 mEq/l. It is a life threatening disorder. The knowledge of electrolyte imbalance with respect to potassium is critical for any...